Depth of Field in Photography
Depth of field is a fundamental concept in photography that plays a crucial role in capturing visually appealing and impactful images. It refers to the range of distance within a photograph where objects appear sharp and well-defined. Understanding depth of field enables photographers to manipulate focus, creatively emphasizing certain subjects while blurring or softening others for aesthetic effect. For instance, imagine an outdoor portrait session where a photographer seeks to create a captivating image by isolating the subject from the background. By utilizing shallow depth of field, they can achieve this by focusing on the subject’s face while intentionally blurring out the surrounding environment.
The significance of depth of field lies not only in its ability to enhance visual storytelling but also in its potential to convey emotions and guide viewers’ attention. Photographers employ various techniques such as adjusting aperture settings, focal length, and shooting distance to control depth of field effectively. These technical decisions directly impact how much detail remains crisp versus what becomes gradually blurry or completely out-of-focus within an image. Consequently, understanding and mastering the manipulation of depth of field leads to improved composition skills, allowing photographers to skillfully direct their audience’s gaze towards specific areas or elements within their photographs.
This article aims to delve deeper into the concept of depth of field in photography, exploring its effect on image composition, the factors that influence depth of field, and practical tips for achieving desired results.
When considering depth of field in photography, it is important to understand that it is not a fixed range but rather a continuum. The extent of depth of field can vary depending on several factors, including aperture size, focal length, shooting distance, and sensor size.
One crucial element that affects depth of field is the aperture setting. Aperture refers to the opening in the lens through which light passes into the camera. It is measured in f-stops where a lower number (e.g., f/1.8) represents a larger opening and a shallower depth of field, while a higher number (e.g., f/16) indicates a smaller opening and a deeper depth of field. By adjusting the aperture, photographers can control how much area within an image appears sharp or blurred.
Focal length also plays a role in determining depth of field. Generally, longer focal lengths have narrower angles of view and create shallower depths of field compared to wider focal lengths. This means that when using telephoto lenses with longer focal lengths, photographers can more easily isolate subjects by blurring out distractions in the foreground or background.
The distance between the camera and subject is another factor influencing depth of field. When shooting close-up or macro photography, even small changes in distance can result in significant variations in depth of field. In these situations, photographers must carefully consider their focus point and ensure critical areas remain sharply defined.
Lastly, sensor size impacts depth of field as well. Cameras with smaller sensors tend to have greater inherent depth of field than those with larger sensors. This means that full-frame cameras generally offer more control over shallow depths of field than crop sensor cameras.
To achieve specific creative effects with depth of field:
Use wide apertures (low f-stop numbers) like f/2.8 or lower to create a shallow depth of field, ideal for isolating subjects or emphasizing a specific detail.
Experiment with different focal lengths to understand how they affect depth of field. Longer focal lengths can create more pronounced background blur.
Consider the shooting distance and adjust accordingly to control depth of field. Getting closer to the subject can decrease depth of field while stepping back can increase it.
Take advantage of selective focus techniques to guide viewers’ attention within an image. By intentionally blurring certain elements, you can draw attention to the sharp areas that matter most.
Understand that depth of field is not solely determined by aperture but is influenced by various factors working together. It is crucial to practice and experiment with different combinations to achieve your desired results.
By understanding the concept of depth of field and mastering its manipulation, photographers can elevate their composition skills and create visually striking images that effectively convey their intended message or story.
The Concept of Aperture
Imagine you are taking a photograph of a beautiful flower in full bloom. As you focus your camera lens on the subject, you notice that not only is the flower sharp and clear, but everything else in the background appears pleasantly blurred. This effect, known as depth of field, is one of the fundamental concepts in photography. To understand how this optical phenomenon occurs, we must first delve into the concept of aperture.
Aperture refers to the opening within the lens that controls the amount of light entering the camera. Similar to our eyes’ pupils dilating or contracting to regulate brightness, adjusting the size of the aperture alters the exposure of an image. It is measured using f-numbers, denoted by “f/” followed by a numerical value such as f/2.8 or f/16. Interestingly, higher numerical values indicate smaller apertures while lower numbers represent larger ones.
The relationship between aperture and depth of field can be better comprehended through practical examples:
- A large aperture (e.g., f/1.4) creates a shallow depth of field where only a small portion around the focused subject remains sharp while foreground and background elements become beautifully blurred.
- On the other hand, a small aperture (such as f/22) results in a deep depth of field wherein both near and distant objects appear relatively sharp.
To truly grasp how different apertures affect depth of field, let’s consider its emotional impact:
|Shallow Depth||Neutral Depth||Deep Depth|
As seen above, varying depths evoke distinct emotions and convey diverse storytelling possibilities within a photograph. Understanding the concept of aperture and its influence on depth of field enables photographers to intentionally create visually compelling images that convey their desired message.
In the subsequent section, we will explore another crucial aspect of photography: understanding focal length. By comprehending how different lenses affect perspective and magnification, photographers can further enhance their creative vision without relying solely on post-processing techniques.
Understanding Focal Length
Building upon the understanding of aperture, we now delve into another crucial aspect of photography – focal length. Focal length plays a significant role in determining the depth of field (DOF) in an image. By comprehending how focal length influences DOF, photographers can effectively control and manipulate the sharpness and blur within their photographs.
Imagine capturing a portrait using a telephoto lens with a longer focal length. The subject is sharply focused while the background softly blends into a pleasing bokeh effect. This distinct separation between the subject and background is made possible due to the narrow DOF created by the longer focal length. Conversely, when using a wide-angle lens with a shorter focal length, such as for landscape photography, both foreground and background elements are often in focus due to the wider DOF produced.
To explore further, let us consider some key factors that affect DOF:
- Aperture size: A larger aperture (smaller f-number) results in shallower DOF, whereas a smaller aperture (larger f-number) provides greater depth of field.
- Distance from subject: Moving closer to your subject decreases DOF, making it easier to isolate specific details or features. On the other hand, increasing distance enhances overall scene sharpness.
- Focal length: Longer focal lengths tend to produce shallower DOFs compared to shorter focal lengths.
- Sensor size: Cameras with larger sensors generally yield shallower DOFs than those with smaller sensors.
Using these four variables creatively allows photographers to shape their images according to their artistic vision. To illustrate this visually:
|Variable||Effect on Depth of Field|
By strategically combining different settings and equipment choices based on these considerations, photographers can achieve their desired depth of field effect, whether it be isolating a subject or capturing an entire scene in sharpness.
Understanding the interplay between focal length and DOF equips photographers with valuable tools for creating visually compelling images. However, it is important to recognize that DOF alone does not dictate the overall quality of a photograph. In the subsequent section, we will explore another critical concept known as “The Importance of Circle of Confusion,” which further enhances our understanding of image clarity and sharpness.
The Importance of Circle of Confusion
Understanding Focal Length
In the previous section, we explored the concept of focal length and its impact on photography. Now, let’s delve into another crucial aspect that greatly affects the aesthetic quality of an image: depth of field.
Imagine a portrait photograph where the subject is in sharp focus while the background appears beautifully blurred. This artistic effect is achieved by manipulating the depth of field. Depth of field refers to the range of distance from the camera within which objects appear acceptably sharp in an image. It is influenced by several factors, including aperture size, focal length, and distance between the camera and subject.
To better comprehend how these variables interact to create varying depths of field, consider this example: Imagine capturing a landscape scene with a wide-angle lens (short focal length) set at a small aperture (large f-number). In this scenario:
- The vast expanse of land stretching far into the horizon will remain sharply focused due to the large depth of field.
- Objects closer to the camera, such as flowers or rocks in the foreground, will also be in focus despite their proximity.
- Even distant mountains or trees situated farther away from your point of focus may retain some degree of clarity.
The relationship between aperture size, focal length, and depth of field can be summarized as follows:
|Variable||Effect on Depth of Field|
|Aperture Size||Larger aperture = shallower depth of field; Smaller aperture = greater depth of field|
|Focal Length||Shorter focal length = greater depth of field; Longer focal length = shallower depth of field|
|Distance||Greater distance between camera and subject = greater depth of field|
By understanding and effectively controlling these elements, photographers can manipulate their images’ visual impact significantly. Mastery over depth-of-field techniques allows for creative expression through selective focusing and emphasizing specific subjects within a composition.
Transitioning smoothly into our next section, we will explore the aesthetic qualities of bokeh and its contribution to creating striking photographic compositions.
Exploring the Aesthetic of Bokeh
Depth of Field in Photography: Limits of Near Focus
Continuing our exploration of depth of field in photography, it is crucial to understand the limits of near focus. To illustrate this concept, let’s consider a hypothetical scenario where a photographer wants to capture an intimate portrait with a shallow depth of field. With the subject positioned relatively close to the camera, the photographer adjusts their settings to achieve a narrow aperture and create a blurred background effect.
To grasp the significance of near focus limitations, we can examine four key factors:
Distance from Subject: The closer the photographer positions themselves to their subject, the more pronounced the impact on depth of field becomes. At close distances, even slight adjustments in focal length or aperture size can drastically alter which areas remain sharp.
Lens Focal Length: Different lenses possess varying minimum focusing distances and capabilities for capturing details up close. Wide-angle lenses tend to have shorter minimum focusing distances compared to telephoto lenses, affecting how much control one has over near focus.
Aperture Size: As mentioned earlier, adjusting the aperture plays a critical role in determining depth of field. By using larger apertures (smaller f-stop numbers), photographers can enhance the blur effect behind their subject while simultaneously reducing sharpness within limited depth ranges.
Sensor Size: The size of the camera sensor also influences near focus limitations. Generally speaking, cameras with smaller sensors exhibit greater inherent depth of field due to their crop factor when compared to full-frame cameras.
By considering these factors collectively and making informed choices based on specific photographic intentions, photographers can effectively manipulate near focus limitations and achieve desired artistic outcomes.
Transitioning into our next section about “Limits of Near Focus,” understanding these constraints allows us to delve deeper into exploring techniques that help overcome such challenges and expand creative possibilities in photography without compromising visual integrity.
Limits of Near Focus
Exploring the Aesthetic of Bokeh has shed light on one aspect of depth of field in photography, but there are other important factors to consider. The ability to control how much of a scene is in focus can greatly impact the overall composition and storytelling potential of an image. In this section, we will delve into the limits of near focus, highlighting its significance in creating captivating photographs.
To illustrate the importance of near focus limitations, let us consider a hypothetical scenario where a photographer aims to capture the delicate details of a blooming flower. By intentionally using a shallow depth of field and focusing on the stamen or pistil, they effectively isolate these intricate elements from their surroundings. This technique not only draws attention to the subject itself but also enhances its beauty by blurring distracting background elements.
Understanding near focus limitations involves recognizing several key aspects:
- Distance: As objects move closer to the camera lens, achieving sharp focus becomes more challenging due to limited depth within which subjects can be captured sharply.
- Aperture: Adjusting the size of the aperture plays a crucial role in controlling what remains in focus when working with close-up subjects.
- Lens choice: Different lenses have varying minimum focusing distances, influencing how close photographers can get to their subjects while maintaining image clarity.
- Focal length: Shorter focal lengths tend to provide greater depth of field at close distances compared to longer focal lengths.
By consciously manipulating these variables, photographers can create images that evoke emotion and engage viewers on multiple levels. To further emphasize this point, let us explore an emotional response through a bullet-point list:
- Intimacy: Narrowing down the plane of focus allows for intimate portrayals by capturing fine details up-close.
- Mystery: Blurred foreground and background elements create intrigue and invite viewers’ imagination as they fill in missing information mentally.
- Isolation: Selectively isolating specific parts creates visual separation between the subject and its surroundings, directing attention where desired.
- Artistic expression: Manipulating near focus enables photographers to convey their artistic vision by emphasizing certain elements and de-emphasizing others.
Additionally, we can present a table to further exemplify how near focus limitations impact photographic outcomes:
|Variable||Impact on Near Focus|
|Distance||Decreases sharpness as objects get closer|
|Aperture||Controls depth of field|
|Lens choice||Varies minimum focusing distances|
|Focal length||Affects depth of field at close distances|
By understanding these concepts and employing them creatively, photographers have the power to shape narratives within their images. With this appreciation for the limits of near focus established, let us now transition into exploring another crucial component: the limits of far focus in photography.
Limits of Far Focus
Transitioning from the previous section on the Limits of Near Focus, we now turn our attention to exploring the opposite end of the spectrum – the limits of far focus in achieving depth of field in photography. To illustrate this concept, let us consider a hypothetical scenario where a photographer aims to capture an expansive landscape with intricate details across various distances.
In such a scenario, several factors come into play that affect the achievement of deep focus throughout the entire image. Firstly, it is important to acknowledge that increasing distance between the subject and camera decreases overall sharpness. Objects located farther away tend to appear less defined and may lack clarity when compared to those closer to the lens. This decrease in sharpness can be attributed to both optical limitations and atmospheric conditions which cause light scattering.
To further understand these limitations, let us explore some key considerations when dealing with far focus:
- Atmospheric conditions: Haze or fog can introduce a level of haziness or softness in distant objects.
- Lens choice: The use of telephoto lenses amplifies compression effects, making distant subjects seem closer together but potentially sacrificing fine details.
- Aperture selection: Smaller apertures (higher f-numbers) increase depth of field by reducing the size of the aperture opening, allowing more elements at varying distances to remain within acceptable focus.
- Focusing techniques: Utilizing hyperfocal focusing methods ensures maximum depth of field by adjusting focal point and aperture settings for optimal results.
With these considerations in mind, photographers must carefully balance their choices regarding lens selection, aperture settings, and focusing techniques to achieve desired depth of field in images encompassing vast landscapes or scenes featuring prominent background elements.
Moving forward into our exploration of aperture and its impact on depth perception, we delve deeper into understanding how manipulating this fundamental parameter allows photographers to shape their creative vision without compromising visual acuity or aesthetic appeal.
Aperture and Depth Perception
From the limits of far focus, we now turn our attention to another important factor affecting depth of field in photography – Aperture and Depth Perception. To illustrate this concept, let us consider a hypothetical scenario where a photographer wants to capture an image of a flower with a blurred background.
When it comes to achieving shallow depth of field, the choice of aperture plays a crucial role. By using a wide or large aperture (represented by smaller f-stop values such as f/1.8 or f/2.8), the photographer can create a narrow plane of focus on the subject while blurring out distractions in the foreground and background. This technique draws attention to the main subject, enhancing its prominence within the frame.
To comprehend how different apertures affect depth perception, it is helpful to understand some key points:
- A wider aperture allows more light to enter the camera lens, resulting in shallower depth of field.
- With narrower apertures (represented by larger f-stop values like f/11 or f/16), more elements in the scene are brought into focus.
- The size of the camera’s image sensor also influences depth perception, with larger sensors generally offering shallower depths of field compared to smaller ones.
- Distance between subject and background also impacts perceived depth; greater distances often lead to more pronounced background blur.
Let us further explore these concepts through a table that summarizes their effects on depth perception:
|Aperture Size||Depth Perception|
This table demonstrates how varying aperture sizes result in distinct levels of perceived depth in photographs. By manipulating this setting according to artistic intent, photographers have control over isolating subjects against beautifully blurred backgrounds or capturing extensive details throughout their compositions.
With an understanding of how aperture affects depth perception established, we will now delve into another critical aspect: focal length and depth of field. This exploration will shed light on the interplay between these factors, providing further insights into creating captivating images that masterfully manipulate depth within the frame.
Focal Length and Depth of Field
Depth of Field in Photography
Another key factor that affects depth perception is focal length. By understanding how these two factors work together, photographers can manipulate the depth of field to create visually compelling photographs.
To illustrate this concept, let’s consider a hypothetical scenario where a photographer wants to capture an image of a flower against a blurred background. Using a wide aperture setting (e.g., f/1.8), the photographer allows more light to enter the camera lens. This wider aperture results in a shallower depth of field, causing the flower to be sharply focused while blurring out the background elements such as trees or buildings.
Understanding depth of field involves considering several important points:
- Aperture: The size of the aperture directly influences the depth of field. A larger aperture (smaller f-number) creates a shallower depth of field, while a smaller aperture (larger f-number) increases the area of focus.
- Focal Length: Longer focal lengths tend to have narrower angles of view and therefore produce shallower depths of field compared to shorter focal lengths.
- Distance: The distance between the subject and the camera also impacts depth perception. Objects closer to the camera will have less overall focus than those further away.
- Sensor Size: Different sensor sizes affect apparent Depth of Field; larger sensors often result in shallower depths.
|Factor||Influence on Depth|
|Wide Aperture||Shallower Depth|
|Narrow Aperture||Deeper Focus|
|Long Focal Length||Shallow Depth|
|Short Focal Length||Greater Background Focus|
By adjusting these variables according to their desired effect, photographers can exercise creative control over their images. Understanding the interplay of aperture, focal length, distance, and sensor size allows photographers to manipulate depth of field effectively.
Continuing our exploration of the technical aspects of photography, the next section will delve into the concept of Circle of Confusion and its impact on image quality. This understanding further enhances a photographer’s ability to capture visually stunning photographs by optimizing focus and sharpness.
Circle of Confusion and Image Quality
Depth of Field in Photography
In the previous section, we discussed how focal length affects the depth of field in photography. Now, let’s explore another important factor that contributes to the depth of field: the circle of confusion and its impact on image quality.
To better understand this concept, consider a hypothetical scenario where you are photographing a beautiful flower in a garden. You want to capture the delicate details of the petals while blurring out the distracting background. By adjusting your camera settings and using an appropriate lens, you can control the depth of field and achieve your desired result.
Understanding Depth of Field:
- Aperture Size: The size of the aperture (the opening through which light enters) plays a crucial role in determining the depth of field. A wider aperture (smaller f-number) will create a shallow depth of field, while a narrower aperture (larger f-number) will increase the overall sharpness throughout the image.
- Distance from Subject: The distance between your camera and subject also influences depth of field. When shooting closer to your subject, even at higher apertures, it becomes more challenging to achieve a wide range of focus due to reduced depth.
- Lens Focal Length: Different lenses have varying effects on depth of field. Telephoto lenses tend to compress distances, resulting in shallower depths, whereas wide-angle lenses often provide greater overall sharpness across various focal points.
- Sensor Size: The size of your camera’s sensor can affect how much area appears sharp within an image. Smaller sensors generally offer larger depths of fields compared to larger ones.
Table – Factors Influencing Depth of Field:
|Factor||Effect on Depth of Field|
|Aperture Size||Wider aperture = Shallower depth|
|Narrower aperture = Greater overall sharpness|
|Distance from Subject||Closer proximity = Reduced depth of field|
|Lens Focal Length||Telephoto lenses = Shallower depths|
|Wide-angle lenses = Greater overall sharpness|
|Sensor Size||Smaller sensor = Larger depth of field|
Understanding the interplay between these factors and how they affect the depth of field is crucial for photographers seeking to create visually impactful images.
By employing various methods, you can add a touch of creativity and uniqueness to your photographs, enhancing their visual appeal.
Now let’s move on to exploring the art of creating beautiful bokeh effects in photography.
Creating Artistic Bokeh Effects
Having explored the concept of circle of confusion and its impact on image quality, we now delve into another fundamental aspect of photography – understanding depth of field. As photographers, it is crucial to have a clear understanding of how depth of field works and how it can be utilized creatively to capture captivating images.
Depth of field refers to the range within an image that appears acceptably sharp or in focus. It is influenced by various factors such as aperture size, focal length, distance between subject and camera, and sensor size. To illustrate this concept, let us consider a hypothetical scenario where a photographer intends to take a portrait photograph against a busy cityscape background. By adjusting the depth of field effectively, the photographer can either keep both the subject and the background sharply focused or isolate the subject with a beautifully blurred background for added visual impact.
To grasp the significance of depth of field in photography, here are four key considerations:
- Aperture: The choice of aperture plays a vital role in determining depth of field. A wider aperture (smaller f-number) creates a shallow depth of field, resulting in a blurred background while keeping the main subject sharp. Conversely, using a narrower aperture (larger f-number) increases the depth of field, allowing more elements within the frame to appear in focus.
- Focal Length: Longer focal lengths tend to have shallower depths of fields compared to shorter ones. Thus, when shooting with telephoto lenses, like 200mm or above, isolating subjects from distracting backgrounds becomes easier due to their inherent ability to compress distances.
- Subject-to-Camera Distance: The proximity between your subject and camera also affects depth of field. When you move closer to your subject, decreasing the distance between them and yourself results in shallower depths of fields.
- Sensor Size: Larger sensors generally produce shallower depths of fields compared to smaller ones. Cameras with full-frame sensors, for instance, offer greater control over depth of field due to their larger surface area.
To further comprehend the relationship between these factors and depth of field, refer to the following table:
|Factor||Shallow Depth of Field||Deep Depth of Field|
|Aperture||Wide (small f-number)||Narrow (large f-number)|
By manipulating these variables consciously, photographers can achieve desired effects in their images, whether it is capturing a dreamy bokeh or ensuring every detail within a landscape photograph appears sharp from foreground to background. Understanding how each factor contributes to depth of field allows photographers to make informed decisions that align with their artistic vision.
Transition into subsequent section:
Mastering Near Focus Techniques opens up new possibilities for exploring depth of field beyond its traditional applications. By employing specific techniques and understanding near focus capabilities, photographers can create captivating images that draw attention to intricate details often overlooked by the naked eye.
Mastering Near Focus Techniques
Depth of Field in Photography
In the previous section, we explored the art of creating artistic bokeh effects. Now, let’s delve into another aspect of depth of field in photography: mastering near focus techniques. To illustrate this concept, consider a scenario where you are capturing a close-up shot of a delicate flower blooming amidst a busy garden. By using near focus techniques effectively, you can isolate the flower from its surroundings and emphasize its intricate details.
To achieve stunning near focus images, there are several key factors to keep in mind:
- Aperture Control: Adjusting the aperture plays a crucial role in determining the depth of field. A wider aperture (e.g., f/2.8) will result in a shallower depth of field, allowing you to isolate your subject from the background more effectively.
- Focusing Techniques: Utilize selective focusing techniques such as single-point autofocus or manual focus to ensure precise control over what elements within your frame appear sharp and well-defined.
- Depth Perception: Consider how distance between your subject and the camera impacts perception. Objects closer to the lens tend to have a greater impact on depth of field compared to those further away.
- Lens Choice: Different lenses possess varying characteristics that can influence depth of field. For example, macro lenses designed for close-up photography often provide excellent control over shallow depths of field.
Embracing these principles will enable you to capture captivating images with compelling near focus effects—images that draw viewers’ attention directly towards your intended focal point while beautifully blurring out distracting elements.
Table: Factors Influencing Near Focus Techniques
|Factor||Impact on Depth of Field|
|Aperture||Shallower with wider|
|Focusing Techniques||Precise control|
|Lens Choice||Varied results|
By understanding and implementing these practices effectively, you can take your photography to new heights. In the subsequent section, we will explore how far focus techniques can further enhance depth of field in your images. Whether capturing breathtaking landscapes or intimate portraits, extending depth through these techniques opens up a world of creative possibilities.
Extending Depth with Far Focus Techniques
In the previous section, we explored various techniques for achieving sharp focus on subjects that are close to the camera. Now, let us delve into the realm of extending depth in photography by employing far focus techniques. By understanding and utilizing these methods effectively, photographers can create captivating images with a greater sense of depth.
Imagine capturing a landscape photograph where both the foreground flowers and distant mountains appear sharply focused. To achieve this desired effect, one technique is to utilize a smaller aperture setting (e.g., f/16 or higher). This helps increase the depth of field, ensuring that more elements in the scene remain in focus from front to back. Additionally, adjusting the focal length of the lens can also play a significant role in expanding depth. Using a wide-angle lens tends to provide increased depth of field compared to telephoto lenses.
- Aperture: Smaller apertures result in larger depths of field.
- Distance: The closer the subject is to the camera, the shallower the depth of field becomes.
- Focal Length: Wide-angle lenses tend to have greater depths of field than telephoto lenses.
- Sensor Size: Cameras with smaller sensors generally offer larger depths of field.
Furthermore, understanding how specific settings affect image composition will help guide your creative decisions when attempting to extend depth in photography. Consider this three-column and four-row table as an example:
|Leading Lines||Utilize converging lines towards the background||Creates visual depth|
|Foreground Interest||Incorporate objects or subjects in front of main focal point||Adds layers and dimension|
|Atmospheric Perspective||Use distance and fading colors to indicate spatial recession||Enhances perception of depth|
|Overlapping Elements||Position objects partially in front of others||Adds visual depth and layers|
By employing these techniques, photographers can evoke an emotional response from their audience. The resulting images with extended depths will captivate viewers, drawing them into the scene and creating a sense of immersion.
In conclusion (or finally), mastering far focus techniques is crucial for expanding depth in photography. By understanding how aperture, distance, focal length, and sensor size impact depth of field, as well as incorporating composition elements that enhance spatial perception, photographers can create captivating images that engage viewers on a deeper level. So go ahead and experiment with these techniques to add a new dimension to your photographs!