How can buying a car affect your finances? (Guide 2022)
- Buying a new car is nice, but it can have a big impact on your finances.
- Ask yourself if you can afford a new car before embarking on your dream model.
- Auto loan payments and auto insurance rates vary depending on the new vehicle you choose.
Everyone has different reasons for buying a car, from needing to replace an irreparable model to buying a new vehicle due to life changes. Before heading to the dealership, keep in mind that buying a car can affect your finances in several important ways.
Most buyers cannot pay cash for a car and therefore must apply for a car loan. Consider issues such as how much monthly payment you can afford, whether the purchase is a good deal, and whether it’s a good time to buy a car. Thinking about your current financial situation will help you determine if buying a vehicle is the right decision.
Increase in monthly payments
If you don’t currently own a vehicle or your vehicle is paid off, taking out a loan on a car will increase your monthly payment. When considering buying a car, it’s best to look at your budget and all the expenses. Your budget is generally made up of two types of expenses: variable payments and fixed payments.
Variable payments change monthly and include costs such as your grocery bills and the cost of gas. On the other hand, fixed expenses remain the same each month. These include your monthly rent or mortgage payments, your home and auto insurance bills, and most auto loan payments.
You will have car loan repayments
Your monthly car payment includes the balance, which is the price of the car, plus interest and additional charges. Your lender will take your total loan amount and divide it by your payment window to determine your monthly payment.
If you’re looking to save money on a car loan, look for the best rates around. Lenders base interest rates on factors such as the borrower’s credit rating, loan term and total loan amount.
Those who accept a higher monthly payment with a shorter payment window may receive a lower annual percentage rate (APR). Taking the time to improve your credit score can also result in better interest rates than those that come with bad auto loans.
Car insurance rates may change
When your car’s situation changes, your car insurance payment will also change. The insurance is a flat monthly charge that covers certain repair and medical costs after an accident. Whether you have already bought a car or not, you will need to be prepared for possible car insurance costs.
Insurance companies set premiums using formulas that rate your risk when driving a car. They look at your personal driving history, where you will drive, your current mileage, car usage and the car model itself.
Spend time researching the best car insurance providers when buying a new car. Look for well-rated companies that offer competitive online quotes, and don’t forget to check for the best rates every few months.
You will pay for the maintenance of your car
Also, be sure to plan for car maintenance and protection. This can either be covered by a regular monthly payment through a reputable extended car warranty company, or it can be an unexpected expense that changes every month.
Extended car warranties aren’t just for newer models, and they’re often great for older ones. Many used models are well suited for a used car warranty due to the frequent repairs that are required.
Your credit score could drop
Buying a car can affect your finances, but it could also affect your credit score. If you do get a loan, expect your lender to do a thorough credit check, which will likely result in a slight drop in credit. The additional debt resulting from the loan may reduce your ability to take out additional loans, and lenders may be reluctant to extend to borrowers who already have other payments.
However, your credit score should return to previous levels if you still make on-time car payments. These regular payments show lenders that you are a reliable borrower who can be trusted with their money.
Consider your debt-to-income ratio (DTI)
Taking out a car loan will also increase your debt-to-income ratio (DTI). This number can be found by dividing your monthly debt payments by your gross monthly income. For example, your DTI will be 40% if your mortgage and car loan total $2,000 per month and each month you earn $5,000.
Creditors consider your current DTI when setting interest rates for a loan. The higher your DTI, the higher the likelihood that you will miss a payment due to other expenses. Consider how much a monthly payment will affect your DTI before buying a car or agreeing to the terms of a loan.
You will have to pay taxes on the car
When most drivers buy a new vehicle, they have to pay state sales tax on it. This one-time tax isn’t always cheap, so that’s definitely one way buying a car can affect your finances.
The annual property tax on your vehicle will also likely be higher after an upgrade. While this increase probably isn’t too big, you might want to consider it before heading to the dealership.
What happens if you fail to repay a car loan?
If you cannot make the payments to cover your car loan debt, you will be in default on the loan. Defaulting means failing to meet loan obligations, and lenders have several options if you fall into this position.
Seek debt settlement
In a debt settlement, the debtor will negotiate with the creditor to receive loan forgiveness. The debtor will usually offer a large lump sum payment for the rest of the loan to be cleared. You may be able to reach a debt settlement if you cannot pay your car loan.
Try to avoid facing a collection agency
Your lender could possibly send your account for collection if you do not meet your payment obligations. A third-party company might start calling you for payments or the lender might possibly take the car back.
Expect your credit score to take a hit if you have a collection account, as future lenders will consider you a high-risk borrower. Buying a car can negatively affect your finances if you don’t have the money to buy one, and collection agencies are definitely something to avoid.
Should I still buy a car?
If you have money for a vehicle or find a good auto loan rate, it may be worth buying a new car. Although buying a car can affect your finances, this is often outweighed by the need or satisfaction of having a new model.
Only buy a new vehicle if you have the cash to cover the payments, as you have a significant financial commitment. Always understand how buying a car can affect your finances before signing on for a new or used vehicle.